"Master of the Day of Judgment". (Quran : 1/4)
This verse of Surah "Al-Fatihah" pays homage to Allah(God) as "the Master of the Day of Judgment or Requital" . The phrase "Master of
the Day of Judgment" implies total mastery on the Day of Judgment,
meaning that on the Day of Judgment the mastery over everything that exists
will belong to Allah(God) alone.
The Day of Judgment is the day appointed by Allah(God) to
recompense good or evil deeds. The world is only the field of action,
the place where one is required to perform one's duty, and not the
place for receiving one's reward. The mere fact that man happens to be
healthy and wealthy or powerful does not necessarily argue that he
has won the pleasure and favour of Allah(God).
Similarly, the mere fact that
a man happens to be ill or poor or weak or miserable does not by itself
indicates that he is the object of Allah(God)'s wrath. In short,
physical well-being or worldly glory or luxury is no sure indication of
one's virtue and truthfulness, nor is sorrow and suffering that of one's
misdeeds and falsity. It may, however, happen that a man receives
some punishment or reward for his deeds in this world. This never is
the full recompense, but only a faint model which has been manifested
to serve as an intimation or warning.
The sufferings of this world, as even its joys, are sometimes a trial,
and sometimes a punishment, but never a full recompense, for the
world is itself transitory. What really counts is the joy or suffering
that will endure for ever, and which one will come to know in the other
world beyond this world.
Given the fact that good or evil deeds are not
fully recompensed in this world, and the rational and just principle
that good and evil not being equal in value, every deed should be
rewarded or punished according to its nature, it readily follows that
beyond this world there should be another world where every deed, big
or small, good or evil, is to be judged, and then justly rewarded or punished.
* Note about References: This website does not necessarily agree with all the ideas and the political view of the author of the referenced articles.